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Tic Disorders

Tic Disorder Index Tics: Definitions and descriptions
Chief complaint: Unusual movements Other movement patterns and disorders
Medications for tics Articles on tic disorders
Books on tic disorders

Other Movement Patterns and Disorders

Sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization

Movements occuring from an inner feeling of restlessness
Athetoid movements:
Slow, irregular, writhing movements that most frequently involve the fingers and toes and often may also the face and neck
Choreiform movements:
Dancing, random, irregular, nonrepetitive movements
Dystonic movements:
Slower, twisting movements interspersed with prolonged states of muscular tension
Hemiballismic movements:
Intermittent, coarse, large-amplitude, unilateral movements of the arms or legs
Excessive startle response
Myoclonic movements:
Brief, shocklike muscle contractions that may affect parts of muscles or muscle groups but do not take on synergistic pattern
"Dancing eyes," form of myoclonus
Ocular myoclonus:
Rhythmic vertical oscillations that occur at a rate of approximately 2 Hz
Palatal myoclonus:
Rhythmic oscillations of the palate that occur frequently with ocular myoclonus
Paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis:
Choreoathetotic movements, that last seconds to a few minutes and may be stimulated by a sudden movement, hereditary or symptomatic
Paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dystonia:
A dystonia triggered by stress, fatigue, alcohol, caffeine that lasts minutes to hours with a familial pattern of transmission
Restless legs syndrome:
A syndrome characterized by a spectrum of symptoms that include periodic movements in sleep and dysesthesia (e.g., crawling sensations underneath skin that are relieved by walking about)
Periodic movements in sleep:
A part of the spectrum of restless legs syndrome involving dorsiflexion of the foot and flexion of knee and thigh happen approximately every 20 second
Painful legs, moving toes:
A syndrome in which toes of one foot continually alternate between flexion and extension motion while deep pain occurs in the ipsilateral leg
A stereotypic, slower, and more prolonged contraction or movement that involves groups of muscles
Hemifacial spasm:
Irregular, repetitive, and unilateral contractions of facial muscles on one side of the face
Oculogyric spasms:
A sustained deviation of the eyes seen with neuroleptics medications or as a result of encephalitis lethargica
Stereotypic movement:
Repetitive and identical motor behavior that often appears seemingly intentional, driven, and nonfunctional in contrast to tics that have a more involuntary. non-rhythmic quality
A speech disturbance in which the normal fluency and time patterning of speech, is disrupted by frequent repetitions or prolongations of sounds or syllables
An involuntary movement that occurs when a person performs a voluntary movement (e.g., when a person intends to opens the eyes the head turns to the side)

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